عنوان مقاله [English]
In religious culture, serving people has a special place. The divine saints have always been in the service of mankind and have given orders to their followers. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) introduced the degree of nearness to God as dependent on serving the individuals, and Imam Reza (AS) explains that serving others is a sign of the perfection of human intellect. In secular societies, the purpose of serving others is things like physical and mental health, or prosperity and development of the city and village in which a person lives, but serving in religious culture is the field of growth and excellence, human perfection, and closeness to God.
The ethics of service in Razavi's tradition and teaching has such a wide scope that in addition to the activity of serving, the decision and intention of service are also subject to divine reward. This research examines the rules and principles of service ethics in three areas: "Ethics of service to the needy", "Ethics of kindness and generosity" and "Ethics of service for official agents" in the life and teachings of Imam Reza (AS). Imam Reza (AS) introduces serving the needy as a means of safety from the hardships of the Day of Judgment and recommends serving them to everyone. His Holiness’s behavior in the field of generosity and forgiveness has been such that the recipient of the service never feels ashamed. Imam Reza (AS) emphasizes the rulers of the society to be attentive to the situation of Muslims and the mass of the people and orders the officials to be equal and brotherly with the people. In the ethics of service in Razavi's way and teaching, the duties of the officials of the Islamic system are not only limited to Muslims, but they have the responsibility to provide service to all people under their government, regardless of their profession, and to respect their human dignity