نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد نهج البلاغه دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه ولی عصر. رفسنجان، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه معارف اسلامی و عمومی دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه ولی عصر، رفسنجان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Islam is based on morality and all human beings have special rights, and any disrespect for human realm is in conflict with the nature of human beings. This article aimed to analyze the examples of reproach )condemnations and humiliations( in the letters of Nahj al-Balaghah based on the methods of ethical education in order to determine why Imam Ali, the great teacher of human beings, had used such terms. The present research was descriptive-analytical and semantics and the Nahj al-Balaghah letters Nos. 17, 39 and 41, which included these terms were analyzed and examined. The results indicate that Imam Ali attempted to inform people by ethical education methods such as warning, confrontation with the results of actions, awareness and insight, allegory, sermon, wrong prohibition, advice and lessons learned. The final goal of Imam Ali was to inform special individuals from their disgusting actions and keep other people away from their deceptions. Among the educational methods used by Imam Ali, awareness and insight had the highest frequency suggesting the importance and effectiveness of warning in increasing human insight and correctioncompared with other educational methods.