عنوان مقاله [English]
The quantative and qualitative development of the interaction of the police officers and society, that increase the values of social asset of this organization, is one of the important concerns in the management of a police whose concern is society. From other hand, in the works of Islamic scientists, most of the discussions related to the line of interaction of the executor of the law with people associated with the sources dealt with inspection (al-Hesbah), through them some advices to the inspectors (al-Muhtasab) has been advanced. So these works could be a proper source for inquiring into the principles of moral interaction of the police with society in our societies. Referring to the works of the lawmakers of inspectors (al-Mohtaseb), this paper has collected their moral advices to the inspectors (al-Muhtasab), and by considering the most important duties of organization of police in our society, the function of them in this organization has been explained. The result of this investigation shows that four principles of power, needlessness, practical commitment to the laws, and kindness are the principles can be seen in the works of the lawmakers of inspectors (al-Mohtaseb). It seems prima facie that some of these principles are contradicting, but a proper conceptual explanation of these moral principles in the interaction of the police and society, as well as the development of the insight of the police in discerning instances and moral principles of the ruler on the practical contradiction, are from the requisites can facilitate the path of implantation of them.
24. Rosenbaum, Dennis P. (1994), The Challenge of Community Policing: Testing the Promises, US: Sage Publication.
25. Miller. Seumas; Ed (2005), Police Ethics, UK: Ashgate Publishing.